health

All you need to know about vaccination

10.10.2014 | By Leonid Uzvar

There is a number of infectious diseases against which people are vaccinated on a mass scale and at a young age. Yet there are also vaccines against the less common or seasonal diseases. In such situations, you need to make an independent decision on personal vaccination, and often at your own expense. Among seasonal diseases are influenza, the ARVI and the ARD. It should be noted that death rate from influenza is quite high in Ukraine, however, prevention at the national level is quite poor. KW answers the most commonly asked questions about vaccination

Last year I had a flu shot, but still got sick. What is the point of the shot? There are 2 possible options to explain such situation. First of all, along with influenza virus the disease is caused by more than 200 kinds of other respiratory viruses. Moreover, it is almost impossible to distinguish these diseases by clinical symptoms. Therefore, if you were vaccinated and turned sick with fever, headache and malaise it does not mean that you had the flu. Most likely it was some other viral infection, because you have been protected from the flu. The shot protects you from the flu i.e. from the infection which has the greatest number of complications and fatalities. Secondly, there is a slight chance that you have been taken ill with the flu. How severe was it? It is possible to say with great confidence that you did not have any severe complications. And if it was not for the vaccine the complications and the outcome of the flu could be unfavorable. How experts know the types of influenza coming to Ukraine in winter? Influenza virus circulates according to certain biological laws. Almost always, the virus causing the rise in the incidence in the south-eastern Asia in spring comes to Europe in fall. There are several hundreds of laboratories all over the world monitoring influenza viruses. Analyzing information about the viruses causing the flu, annually by April May experts at the World Health Organization make recommendations for types of influenza viruses to be included in the vaccine. Every year the vaccines include 3 current strains of the virus. When will the body generate protection against the disease after vaccination? Immunity develops in 14 21 days after vaccination, it protects human bodies against the disease for 6 12 months. Does the flu shot guarantee 100% protection from the disease? No medicinal product or preventive drug guarantees 100% protection from the disease. Reliability of protection developing after vaccination depends on many factors, including your age and your health, individual properties, etc. But on average of the 100 vaccinated 70 98 people will not get sick with influenza. If, however, you fall sick with the flu even after vaccination, the disease will not be severe and will have no complications. Thus, vaccination provides protection against severe and complicated forms of influenza with fatal outcome. Is it possible for influenza vaccines to cause some adverse effects or reactions? Administration of any vaccines, including influenza vaccines, may cause reactions. Fever or redness on the area of injection of the vaccine are natural reactions to any vaccine, indicating the beginning of generation of defense. Following influenza vaccination the bodys reaction may include: bodily reactions reactions which generally affect the body and are manifested as fever, malaise, headache, etc.; local reactions - reactions that occur on the area of injection as subcutaneous indurations and soreness. Such manifestations are short-term, require no treatment and disappear on their own within 2 3 days not affecting working ability and not requiring any additional treatment. When flu vaccines are contraindicative? There are certain health conditions which call for temporary postponement of vaccination against influenza (temporary contraindications) or vaccinations are prohibited at all (permanent contraindications). One way or another, your physician should be the one to define contraindications after examination and consultation. For whom is the flu most dangerous? Flu is dangerous for everyone, because even healthy people die during the seasonal rise of morbidity rates. However, the flu and its complications are of the greatest threat to young children, the elderly and for those who suffer from chronic diseases. Flu is also dangerous for women planning pregnancy. It is advisable to get vaccinated before pregnancy. Influenza infection in pregnant women may cause malformations in the fetus or miscarriage. Influenza is also relevant for individuals who are in contact with lots of people and have a high risk of getting the flu because of the nature of their professions (teachers, educators, vendors, physicians). The right time to go to the physicians For vaccination you should be completely healthy for at least 3 4 weeks. There should be no fever, no runny nose, no sore throat. If your body suffers some sort of virus or bacteria, the immune system will recover for 2 3 weeks, which means it will actively fight such infection. The immune system has limited capacity and it cannot respond to everything at once, it generates protection against one virus. Nowadays there are three kinds of dangerous flu: two seasonal and the so-called California flu. In theory, you need to get shots with three vaccines, but this would harm your immune system and you would have no immunity to viruses. PLACES OF VACCINATION IN KYIV Center for Primary Health Care No. 2 (the Darnytsya district, 5 Verbytskoho St.); Central polyclinic in the Desnyanskiy district, (81/1 Zakrevskoho St.); Polyclinic No. 2 in the Holosiyivskiy district (6 Marshala Yakubovskoho St.); Central polyclinic in the Obolon district (14 Tymoshenko St.); Consultation and Diagnostic Centre in the Dniprovskiy district (5 Lunacharskoho St.); Polyclinic No. 2 in the Podilskiy district (22 Svobody Ave.); Childrens polyclinic No. 2 in the Obolon district (14 Tymoshenko St.); Childrens polyclinic No. 1 in the Svyatoshynskiy district (11 Uborevycha St.); Polyclinic No. 4 of the Svyatoshynskiy district (26 Bulakhovskoho St.); Polyclinic No. 2 in the Shevchenkivskiy district (10 Pymonenko St.); Kyiv City Polyclinic for Students (25/29 Politekhnichna St.); Polyclinic No. 2 in the Solomyanskiy district (2 Chervonozoryaniy Ave.); PRICES Anyone can take a flu shot, regardless of where they live, having medical records or a statement from medical records on them. Medical institutions use Vaxigrip (France) (UAH 77) and Influvac (Netherlands) (UAH 87) vaccines for shots.

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