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A special Program of Renewal of the Transport Fleet in EURO 2012 host cities was adopted in 2010. The program envisaged the city authorities purchasing new buses, trolleybuses and trams using the money allocated from the budget. The funds were to be obtained from preferential loans from state banks and a loan of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
Besides the purchase of transport vehicles abroad, there was also talk about manufacturing of new buses and trolleybuses by Ukrainian companies – Lviv Bus Plant (LAZ) (city transport) and Bohdan Motors corporation (tourist buses and vehicles for airports).
Under the agreement with the Cabinet of Ministers LAZ, for example, was to manufacture 1,500 buses and 500 trolleybuses for all four Ukrainian host cities of EURO 2012. Specifically, Kharkiv was to receive 300 new buses and 300 trolleybuses from LAZ. Donetsk expected receiving 150 buses, 165 trolleybuses and 50 trams. However, due to different circumstances these programs will not be fully implemented. Nonetheless, the transport fleet of the host cities did receive a serious supplement. This is very important primarily because the championship will go for three weeks and transport will continue working for the residents and guests of Kyiv, Donetsk, Lviv and Kharkiv. In fact, the new transport should provide an improved level of comfort. The buses are equipped with air conditioners, which is a rare thing for standard buses in Ukraine. All new transport will be at the disposal of the municipal authorities, which is important because in recent years private carriers seriously squeezed out municipal buses in practically all Ukrainian cities.
Supply of transport to EURO 2012 host cities continues, albeit with certain problems. By May 2012, Kyiv should receive 185 buses with high seating capacity. 36 buses were already purchased and have been put into operation.
The capital should also receive 202 new trolleybuses and 46 trams before the championships. Transport management is delighted that it will finally be able to get rid of its outdated fleet of vehicles and introduce new ones on the busiest city routes.
In addition, a city train was put into operation in Kyiv in the past year, using which you can travel around the city in 50 minutes. Also three new subway stations were opened.
In 2011, Donetsk purchased 16 buses and 83 trolleybuses for government money. City Mayor Oleksandr Lukyanchenko has said the city will get another 50 buses and 17 trolleybuses in the first half of 2012. Lviv will buy 92 buses and 62 trolleybuses this year.
The authorities in the host cities are developing the fastest and cheapest way to transfer EURO 2012 fans from airports to stadiums. This is particularly relevant for Kyiv, where Boryspil International Airport is located farther from the city center than the airports in the other host cities. During the championship, 70 shuttle buses travelling every minute from the airport to Boryspilska subway station. Also 300 taxis will be working in Boryspil to service guests to Kyiv.
In order for fans to learn their way around in a strange environment, the host cities will temporarily install information signs. They will contain the EURO 2012 logo and arrows indicating the direction to the stadium or the closest transport. There will be 2,500 such signs in Kyiv. There will also be so-called parking interception equipment installed at entries to Kyiv.
It is also planned that on the days of matches trucks will be prohibited from entering the city. Optimal traffic schemes taking into account pedestrian fan zones and the public transport schedule is an important issue in the organizing the operation of city transport in the host cities. This issue is particularly pressing in Kyiv with its continuous traffic jams. In any case, the city authorities are paying close attention to these safety and security issues and during EURO 2012 they will try to minimize them, if not fully resolve them.Printable version