politics

New old government

18.03.2010 | kyivweekly.com.ua

On March 11, factions of the Party of Regions, Communist Party and Lytvyn Bloc along with several other MPs formed the parliamentary majority in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine consisting of 235 MPs. On the same day, the new majority approved the composition of the new Cabinet headed Mykola Azarov at the head. The opposition led by former premier Yulia Tymoshenko believes that the new majority and government are illegitimate and intends to contest the method of coalition formation in the Constitutional Court

Mykola Azarov

PH: AP

Prime Minister

Mykola Azarov is one of the most experienced Ukrainian civil servants. Educated as geologist, he moved from Moscow suburbs to Donetsk in 1984. Starting from 1994, he has been an MP of different convocations. Azarov participated in a number of political Donetsk`colored projects in 1992 he was one of the founders of Civil Congress of Ukraine, in 1993 1994 co`chair of the Labor Party, in 2001 he was elected the first chair of the Party of Regions, the post that he handed over to Viktor Yanukovych in 2003.

During his parliamentary work, he headed the Budget Committee, in 1996 set up the Tax Service of Ukraine, which he headed until 2002.

In 2002 2005, Azarov worked as the first vice premier minister of finance in the Yanukovych government. After the end of the Orange Revolution (December 2004 January 2005), worked as an acting premier.

From August 2006 to December 2007, Azarov served as the first vice premier/minister of finance in the second Yanukovych government.

In 2009 2010, he headed presidential election campaign of Yanukovych.

Borys

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Kolesnikov

Vice Premier

The new vice premier Borys Kolesnikov was born in Mariupol. From 1980 to 1985 he worked in the Department of Provision of DonetskVuhillya association, according to information of different sources as an ordinary butcher. The clause about military service on the Soviet Army is absent in the biography of the vice premier, just as in the biography of the president. The following four years of vice premiers career were also linked with retail business. He worked as a vendor and procurement agent suddenly making his way up to the position of the manager of Donetsk City Market Management department.

Only in 1989, Kolesnikov decided to obtain a degree and entered Donetsk Vocational School of Soviet Trade. Several years later he founded and became general director of Yuh company, which was more known because its second founder and senior partner Serhiy Roman was demonstratively shot to death in broad daylight in the Donetsk downtown.

In 1997, Kolesnikov became the head of popular Kiev`Konti company (now Konti). The same year he obtained a degree graduating from Donetsk State Academy of Management.

After that, Kolesnikov made a fast career in football and politics:

1998 Donetsk Oblast councilman; 1998 vice president of Shakhtar FC (Donetsk); 1999 deputy to the head of Donetsk Oblast Council Viktor Yanukovych; 2001 Head of Donetsk Oblast Council; 2002 elected the head of Donetsk Oblast Council for the second time; 2006 MP on the Party of Regions list; 2007 elected MP from PoR the second time.

Many explain all successes of Kolesnikov with his very strong and close connection with Rinat Akhmetov. Kolesnikov says that connection is close since they were childhood friends.

Volodymyr Syvkovych

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Vice Premier

Retired SBU colonel and former weapons trader from UkrSpetsExport became vice premier for working with law enforcement bodies. In other words, he is appointed the curator of all law enforcers of the country.

In 2004, Syvkovych was involved in the investigation of Yushchenkos poisoning as the head of the VR investigation commission. He was also the one in charge of spiriting Vasyl Tsushko to Moscow away from the criminal case on seizure of Prosecutor General Office in 2007. The list of his cases is endless. The new position will only expand possibilities of Syvkovych in his task of establishing lawfulness in the corrupted wilderness of Ukraine.

Volodymyr

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Semynozhenko

Vice Premier

Semynozhenko is an academician of the Science Academy, PhD, professor and also a member of the National Union of Artists and Union of Photo Artists. He was a vice premier in the times of Leonid Kuchma (2001 2003) and one of the founders of the Party of Regions. In 2006 he worked as adviser to premier Yanukovych. He is also the chair of Nova Polityka (New Policy) party.

He is the president of a successful commercial technopark Institute of Monocrystals under the National Academy of Sciences and chair of the supervisory board of the American`Ukrainian company Intego (assistance to foreign partners in search of outsourcing services of Ukrainian programmers and scientists).

Through OJSC NPK`Holding, Semynozhenko has business ties with the secretary of Kharkiv City Hall Hennadiy Kernes. The company owns a chain of hotels in Kharkiv.

Serhiy Tihipko

PH: AP

Vice Premier

Merely two weeks ago the third prize winner of presidential race answered the following to the question of journalists about his desire to become the first vice premier for economic reforms Tihipko said: No, I do not see myself playing the second fiddle. I can give my proposals for conducting reforms, share my vision of the situation, but I need to be able to influence it and implement my own, not somebody elses program, referring to his desire to be only the premier, not the yes`man of Azarov.

However, Yanukovychs desire to appoint Azarov as premier and thirst for power of Tihipko forced him to become not even with first, but a simple vice premier with an unclear range of powers (presumably overseeing the economic segment). This appointment became the only step towards the wishes of Ihor Kolomoiskiy, with whom Tihipko created Privatbank in early 1990s.

Andriy Klyuyev

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Vice Premier

Andriy Klyuyev is an old political companion`in`arms of Viktor Yanukovych. There is a belief that the president likes Klyuyev for his devotion, ability to settle delicate issues and independence. Klyuyev was the one who factually managed Yanukovych election headquarters in the campaign 2004. Later he was one of the negotiators for formation of PoR and BYT. Mass media attribute to him supervision over formation of the current government.

In the first government of Yanukovych, Klyuyev as the vice premier can be remembered for sorting out business conflicts in the mining industry. In the second Yanukovych Cabinet, he oversaw the fuel and energy complex. It is quite possible that the attention of the first vice premier will be fixed the latter sphere again.

It is possible that Klyuyev will act as a counterbalance to the influence of Minister Yuriy Boyko on the fuel and energy sector. In fact this sector is also close to Klyuyev for realization of his own business ideas.

One of the largest Ukrainian corporations Ukrpidshypnyk, which he owns with his brother Serhiy is involved in many diverse projects from development of deposits down to processing sunseed or securities trading. At that, experts note that the brothers business is fully independent from larger Ukrainian businessmen.

Before the crisis, Andriy and Serhiy Klyuyevs wealth was estimated at around US $600 mn.

Viktor Tikhonov

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Vice Premier

Over the past 5 years, the 61`year old Viktor Tikhonov wrote more than one book on the First Severodonetsk Congress. In his book, the new vice premier tries to prove that he has never been for separatism. Rather, he believes that federative system is more suitable for Ukraine. It is possible that in his new position he will stick to this principle and strive for the regions to have more self`governmental and financial freedoms. Tikhonov has a great experience of working in local government bodies. In particular, from 1998 till 2006, he headed Luhansk Oblast Council. Working closely with Oleksandr Yefremov, who headed Luhansk Oblast Administration then, he fully controlled political and economic life of the region.

In 2006 2007 together with Yefremov he oversaw PoRs election campaign in the oblast and in 2010 Yanukovychs campaign.

Viktor Slauta

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Vice Premier

Viktor Slauta is rightfully considered Yanukovychs personal agronomy man. They worked together in Donetsk Oblast Administration and in the government. Surprisingly but only now Slauta made it to the core of the Cabinet. In the past, in the previous two governments headed by Yanukovych, Slauta was hold back as a substitute.

In the beginning of 2004, he replaced Serhiy Ryzhuk as the Agrarian Minister, when the latter was accused of being responsible for the bread crisis in the country. In fact, Yanukovych made a serious effort for such replacement since, as it was believed, Presidential Administration backed Ryzhuk. Slauta lived up to the expectations and in 2004 the country harvested one of the highest crops. Yanukovych actively used this achievement in his parliamentary campaign.

In the second Cabinet of Yanukovych, Slauta appeared after six months, when the position of agrarian vice premier was created personally for him.

Moving to the VR as an MP Slauta surprisingly did not become the chair of the agrarian committee. However, he did yield a significant influence on its operation. Experts give the same description to business qualities of the newly appointed vice premier he does not own a business, but is one of the most active industry lobbyists in the parliament.

Fedir Yaroshenko

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Minister of Finance

Yaroshenko is Mykola Azarovs long`time partner in the government. In 1997 2002 he worked as Azarovs first deputy in State Tax Administration of Ukraine, in 2002 2004 Azarovs first deputy in the Ministry of Finance.

Prior to the appointment worked as a deputy to STAU Chair Serhiy Buryak.

As Komentari weekly wrote at that time: Yaroshenko is a classical public servant from the category of politicians that need to be led rather than be leaders, who feels quite comfortable in grey cardinal roles. As people from his entourage say, Yaroshenko rubs along rather well with the senior management regardless of their political colors.

In the tax area, Yaroshenko can be remembered for his attempts to reform VAT and diversified innovations he introduced in this area, like introduction of VAT accounts. Yaroshenko does not own any serious business.

Vasyl Tsushko

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Minister of Economy

Nearly all Tsushkos previous career was connected with the Socialist Party of Ukraine. For four consecutive convocations (1994 2006) he was a parliament member, the peak of his career being the head SPU faction. In 2005 2006 he served as a governor for his native Odesa Oblast. In 2006 2007 he headed the Ministry of Interior Affairs in Yanukovych government. Amidst the conflict of the former with President Viktor Yushchenko around the attempted of forced dismissal of the Prosecutor General in 2007, he took the PM side. Was dismissed by the president and two criminal cases were opened against him. SPU activists glued leaflets Tsushko saved Ukraine on the fences in the nations major cities.

After Yushchenko and Yanukovych relations warmed in January 2008, all accusations were lifted against Tsushko. During the latest presidential campaign, Tsushko was the authorized representative of Yanukovych in Odesa Oblast.

On March 12, Yanukovych vetoed the recently adopted bill on state purchases which partially transferred control over this sphere to the corresponding parliamentary committee. Therefore, the normative act regulating state purchases resolution of Tymoshenkos Cabinet, which granted control over state purchases to the Ministry of Economy two years ago, remains effective.

Mykhailo Yezhel

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Minister of Defense

Yezhel is a 57`year old retired admiral, chief inspector of the Ministry of Defense (appointed in 2008 by then minister of defense Yuriy Yekhanurov). In 1996 2000 he served as deputy commander`in`chief of the Ukrainian Navy, in 2001 2003 commander`in`chief of the Navy.

By decree of Leonid Kuchma he was dismissed October 6, 2003 from military service on health grounds. This happened after then president Kuchma on his way to Balaklava unexpectedly changed his route and visited one of the military units that was unprepared for the visit of the head of state.

Later, military prosecutors office opened several cases accusing Yezhel of embezzling UAH 3 mn. In particular, the admiral was accused of selling two sea tankers Makiyivka and Kerch and the refrigerator transport ship Yalta to a Cypriot firm at knock`down prices.

In May 2006, Yekhanurov government proposed to the president to appoint Yezhel the Head of Sevastopol City Administration. Yushchenko appointed Serhiy Kunitsyn instead.

In June December 2007, Yezhel was adviser of premier Yanukovych on a voluntary basis.

Valeriy

PH: PHL

Khoroshkovskiy

Head of State Security

Service of Ukraine

(SBU)

Throughout his career Khoroshkovskiy combined big business and politics. Starting from 1994 he surfaced as the director or co`owner of the following businesses: Merx (founder), UkrSotsbank (founder), Russian Evraz Group (president) and TV Channel Inter (Chair of the Supervisory Board) and other.

Khoroshkovskiy began his political career in 1997 as an assistant to Premier Valeriy Pustovoitenko, joining the pro`government National Democratic Party. In 1998, he was elected to the parliament from one of Crimean districts.

In 2001, he left the NDP and headed a political project Winter Crop Generation that did not make it to the parliament. In 2002, Khoroshkovskiy worked as deputy, first deputy head of Leonid Kuchmas Presidential Administration.

In Yanukovych government he was the Minister for European Integration (2002 2004) and resigned because of the conflict with the first vice premier Azarov. Since the beginning of 2007 Khoroshkovskiy served as the first deputy secretary of the NSCD resigning after announcement of the parliamentary elections. In the end of 2007 he was appointed head of Customs Service of Ukraine and in January 2009 was dismissed as a result of a serious conflict with Premier Yulia Tymoshenko around gas trader RosUkrEnergo. Then president Yushchenko then appointed Khoroshkovskiy first deputy head of SBU.

Anatoliy Mohylev

PH: UNIAN

Minister

of Interior Affairs

Mohylev is the creation of MP, curator of Crimean office of the Party of Regions Vasyl Dzharta, who did not get any position in the current government.

The police past of Mohylev can be traced to his position of chief of police in Artyomovsk, Donetsk Oblast. From there, he was transferred to a similar position in a third largest city in Donbas Makiyivka. His service there coincided in time with mayor service of Vasyl Dzharta, a person quite close to Rinat Akhmetov. Despite that in 2002 Dzharta moved to work as the first vice governor of Donetsk Oblast Administration, this did not affect Mohylevs career not until in 2005 substantial staff reshuffling was performed in the oblast during the tenure of former interior minister Yuriy Lutsenko.

However, after the second coming to power of Yanukovych and Minister of Interior Vasyl Tsushko, in early February 2007 Mohylev was appointed Chief of Main Department of MIA in one of the PoR stronghold Crimea.

After the defeat of the PoR at early parliamentary elections 2007, Mohylev turned in his resignation papers. However, a year later, in November 2008, he unexpectedly announced that he made a decision about resignation under pressure and filed a lawsuit to Donetsk District Administrative Court demanding reinstatement on the job. Quite predictably, the court satisfied the claim. Administrative Court of Appeal in Donetsk confirmed the ruling of the court of first instance. Then minister of Interior affairs Yuriy Lutsenko refused to execute the courts ruling.

In the end of 2009, Mohylev, being the head of Yanukovychs campaign headquarters in Crimea, again filed a lawsuit to Donetsk District Administrative Court about reinstating him in his position and the court again satisfied his claim. After that minister Lutsenko dismissed Mohylev from MIA altogether arguing that Mohylev, being on a staff reserve in the MIAU, in violation of the law of the land On Police simultaneously was a campaign manager of a political party that supports one of the candidates to president of Ukraine.

Vasyl Nadraha

PH: UNIAN

Labor and Social Policy Minister

35th number in the list of Lytvun Bloc failed to make it into the parliament, however received a much useful minister post controlling the work of multibillion social insurance funds.

A year ago the head of the board of Employers Federation of Ukraine Yuriy Boyko together with the then Minister of Labor and Social Policy Lyudmyla Denysova carried out a social revolution in the mentioned above insurance funds. Not surprisingly, that the new minister became close friend of Boyko (current Minister of Fuel and Energy Complex) Vassyl Nadraha, who is also director general of the Federation of Employers of Ukraine.

That appointment, by the way is a little strange for Yanukovych. Last year, the Party of Regions leader criticized the reluctance of the Cabinet of Tymoshenko to implement the draft law pushed by the Regions to raise social standards.

I have just signed a decree aimed at fighting poverty. I promised to people that I will do everything to establish justice in this very difficult time for the country. And I did it. To raise the level of wages I signed this decree and I signed it in the first place, claimed Yanukovych straight after becoming a new president.

This decree now have to be carried out by Nadraha. But it was under Boyko and Nadraha leadership that Federation of Employers was strongly against this law. In September FEU appealed to Yulia Tymoshenko with the request to prevent raising the minimum wage.

Dmytro Tabachnyk

PH: PHL

Minister of Education and Science

The most accurate reference of Dmytro Tabachnyk in September 2008 was given by his current colleague in the cabinet of Azarov, Deputy Prime Minister Borys Kolesnikov, who has called his party member cheap clown and asked rhetorically: What else is he able to do apart from stealing books and paintings from the penniless Ukrainian museums?

Apparently, Kolesnikov was referring to the scandalous theft of rare paintings and documents from Lviv and Odessa museums and archives, some of which later turned out to be in the ownership of the leader of Party of Regions and current president Viktor Yanukovych. Dmytro Tabachnyk himself in the recent past got the notoriety for dividing Ukrainians into classes and declaring the citizens from the Western Ukraine non`Ukrainians and hostile to the rest of citizens.

Having PhD in Historical Sciences and having a professorship Tabachnyk failed to become famous in historical circles for scientific works. Furthermore, rumors in scientific circles have it that the methods used by the current Minister of Education and Science for getting his doctor and professor titles were not exactly legal.

However, in contrast to the success in science and policy Tabachnyk and his brother Mykhailo became famous in business, lobbied by him since the time of its establishment in 1992. Having become close and trusted partner with then premier Leonid Kuchma, later Tabachnyk headed his presidential administration.

According to Business newspaper, the business interests of Tabachnik brothers apply to: trade in petrol, construction (water parks, sports complexes), banking, insurance, advertising, agricultural and tourism businesses.

Ravil Safiullin

PH: PHL

Sport Youth and Family Policy Minister

Quite cynical decision is referred to the so`called group of football players, as they call Rinat Akhmetov and Boris Kolesnikov together with oriented on them deputies in the hierarchy of interests of President Yanukovych. Akhmetovs group, which includes the Head of the Fund for the Development and Support of FC Shakhtar Safiullin, has received the full control only over the preparations for Euro2012. While in the real economy their appetites have been only partially satisfied, in particular with the minister of industrial policy and vice`premier posts (Borys Kolesnikov). In the race for the minister post Safiullin have overcome Viktor Korzh the minister of sport in the official and shadow governments of Yanukovych in the recent years. The exhausting fight against Yuriy Pavlenko and Ivan Vasyunnyk (responsible for preparing of Euro 2012) for the appointment has helped him to get in the minister chair.

Viktor

PH: UNIAN

Boyko

Environment

Minister

Viktor Boyko entered big politics through the 102nd electoral district of Kirovohrad Oblast. Even then the CEO of Agrotech showed interest in environment issues joining the appropriate committee. However, in the legislative field of glory he could hardly be find he, as his name as a collaborator signed only under in a few draft laws.

Greater glory he received as a head of a State Committee for Material Reserves appointed by Viktor Yushchenko. Traditionally, for several years the committee is considered to be the preserve of political forces of Volodymyr Lytvyn. Perhaps, therefore a deputy from the Peoples Party was appointed to the State Reserve. However, this 3tenure lasted only six months. The official wording of Presidential Decree is combining public service with an MP status. However, the State Reserve team had earlier demanded the dismissal of its leader, accusing him of various material and human sins.

Zynoviy Mytnyk

PH: PHL

Healthcare Minister

Ministry of Healthcare has remained under the control of ex health minister Vasyl Knyazevych close to Viktor Yushchenko.

Medical doctor Zynoviy Mytnyk became head of the regional council in Ivano`Frankivsk Oblast, where Kniazevych hails from, in 1998. In 2002 he became the head doctor of the famous Pheophania Hospital loved by political elite, and supervised by Knyazevych as deputy head of the glorious State Department of Affairs.

After becoming Minister of Health in Tymoshenko government, Knyazevychs very first appointment made Mytnyk his deputy in charge of the ministrys tender procurements. So it goes. We are hardly in for great changes in healthcare sector.

Mykhailo Kulynyak

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Culture and Tourism Minister

The new minister of culture and tourism is a former violinist and a gas trader.

Born in 1969 in Drogobych town in Lviv Oblast, Kulynyak graduated from Kyiv Conservatory where he studied violin. After the graduation he became deputy director for culture of StepK company. In 2001 he did something that changed his life: he became an instructor in mass cultural work of the trade union apparatus of Ukrtransgaz. One year later he became director of gas state enterprise UPK`resurs, which he had headed until 2004. Shortly before the Orange Revolution, Kulynyak was appointed Assistant the Minister of the Cabinet to Anatoliy Tolstoukhov.

In 2006, prosecutors opened a criminal case regarding the UPK`Resurs company and several other traders on UAH 200 mn fraud charges. However, Kulynyak at this time was already in the pure business with clean hands. He also is a co`founder of some oil companies (Vip`Energo, Krymnaftagazprom) and concert hall Vortex.

Already being a businessman, he became Deputy Minister of Culture under Yuriy Bohutskiy on Relations with Verkhovna Rada in the second government of Yanukovych and kept this position to fall 2008.

Dmytro Kolesnikov

PH: PHL

Minister

of Industrial Policy

Used to be a career worker at ore`dressing and processing enterprises owned by Rinat Akhmetov that made his way up to the top of company, an influential MP in the Party of Regions. In 1995 2006 made career starting with a job of a locksmith and made it to the office of an executive director at Tsentralniy Ore`Dressing and Processing Plant, also was one of the directors of Pivnichniy ODPE. Kolesnikov was appointed first deputy minister for industrial policy during Yanukovychs second premiership. During the last two years Kolesnikov served an MP in the budget committee in the parliament.

Kostyantyn Yefymenko

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Minister of Transport and Communications

Yefymenko is a 35`year`old economist from Bila Tserkva who started his career in 2002 in Naftogaz system in Ukrtransgaz and even was appointed its director last year.

After his resignation in summer 2008 Yefymenko was involved in business as head of supervisory councils in KFK and Biopharma.

After his appointment as minister Yefymenko will leave a vacant office of a deputy in Kyiv Oblast Council, to which he was elected as a member of BYT. Last week he was appointed to the office of director of Ukrtransgaz. In his income statement for 2009 Yefymenko declared UAH 179,000 salary earnings and UAH 650,000 from sales of shares.

Oleksandr Popov

PH: UNIAN

Minister of Housing

and Municipal Services

Popov is one of the most well`known Ukrainian mayors: he was elected mayor of Komsomolsk in Poltava oblast four times. He was also known for a number of reforms on that local level.

In 2007 Popov was appointed the first minister of public services in the history of Ukraine. In 2007 Yanukovychs government initiated creation of such office.

Popov is an advocate for reforms in public services. He says it is possible to improve public services only under the auspices of private financing. He initiated no significant reforms during his first cadence, though.

The office of minister for public services was not a tasty morsel in that Cabinet, which was one of the reasons for appointment to the office in one of the less`prospective ministries of a person, who was familiar with the problems in that branch and who could be of complete support for Yanukovych.

Volodymyr Yatsuba

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Minister of Regional Development

Once Kuchmas and now one of Yanukovychs men. Yatsuba has served in the Administration of President since 1994. In 2003 he was appointed to the office of governor in Kuchmas native Dnipropetrovsk oblast.

In 2006 Yatsuba became counselor for Premier Yanukovych, in 2007 became head of the newly`created Ministry of Regional Development and Construction of Ukraine. He was also Yanukovychs deputy in the PoR and an MP.

His last time in the Cabinet was nothing remarkable. Yatsuba tried to make the ministry more significant, but he did not manage to finish the plan.

Yatsubas approach to construction and development is described by one of his bon mots: Young families do not need huge apartments. Once I had a 27.8 sq m two`room apartment and I was very happy with. Lived there for 12 years.

Mykola Prysyazhnyuk

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Minister of Agrarian Policy

50`year`old Prysyazhnyuk is considered to be a member of Yanukovychs team. He met Yanukovych in Yenakiyevo in the 1980s and at that time Prysyazhnyuk was production manager at Ordzhonikidzevuhillya agrarian economy. Yanukovych was head of its motor pool.

They say Prysyazhnyuk was appointed first deputy head of Zhytomyr Oblast State Administration in 2002 under Yanukovychs patronage. By that time he founded and became head of the PR oblast organization in Yenakiyevo. Prysyazhnyuk was elected MP from the PR in 2006. In the VR of next convocation he was promoted to the office of head of the agrarian committee.

Prysyazhnyuks main business is little related to agrarian sector, though. He mostly profits from extraction of quartzite (used for production of ferroalloys) and gravel. Mass media estimated his fortune as US $80 90 mn.

Nestor Shufrych

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Minister of Emergencies

Shortly before his appointment Shufrych buried his mother, who was the owner of vast forests and huge real estate objects in Zakarpattya oblast.

In 2005 the MIA investigated illegal privatization of those assets by Shufrych the latter submitted documents which proved all that property belonged to his mother Maria.

Apparently, it was exactly enormous Shufrychs wealth that allowed him to define UAH 732,000 of expenses on contracts of lease and aggregate income of UAH 241,000 in his income statement for 2008, submitted to the deputies.

Besides profitable business activities Shufrych has succeeded in politics since 1998 when he was elected a deputy. Since that time he was elected an MP during all elections, except for 2006 which was a failure for the SDPU (u). In 2006 Shufrych was appointed minister of emergencies in Yanukovychs second government.

During his first term in the ministers office Shufrychs institution was known for hunting on runaway crocodile Godzilla in Mariupol and he helped president Yushchenko extinguish fires in the steppes in Kherson oblast.

Kostyantyn Hryshchenko

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Minister of Foreign Affairs

Hryshchenko won the battle for the post against Petro Poroshenko and Leonid Kozhara. The Yanukovychs logic is clear. Firstly, the newly`elected president had worked with Hryshchenko: in 2003 2005 he was a minister in Yanukovychs first Cabinet and then his advisor, later he was a minister in the shadow cabinet. Secondly, apart from some of his forerunners, Hryshchenko never made any rush movements neither in foreign nor in domestic policy. Such a behavior helped him become first deputy for Raissa Bohatyryova, then secretary of the NSDC, during Yushchenkos presidency.

Long years of his diplomatic service and notorious Kuchmas multi vector policy had serious impact on Hryshchenko.

Thirdly, Russian politicians are favorable to Hrushchenko at large. The diplomat provoked no conflict as Ukrainian ambassador for Russia.

In his current diplomatic splits between the East and West, Yanukovych had little choice but to rely on time`tested.

Oleksandr Lavrynovych

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Minister of Justice

Lavrynovych is one of the members of Azarovs Cabinet that have not spent a single day working in his profession before being appointed to the post. Yet Lavrynovych is appointed to the office for the 4th time all his practical activities after graduation from the National Legal Academy has boiled down to defense of his thesis Electoral Legislation of Ukraine and Problems in its Improvement. After that Lavrynovych was appointed state secretary of the Ministry of Justice after being an MP almost immediately. Next year he got the ministerial job in Kinakhs Cabinet.

Lavrynovych became minister for the second time in 2002 in Yanukovychs government, and his third time was in 2006 again with the newly`elected president.

In 2007 Lavrynovych was elected to the VR on the PoR list and got the post of the first vice speaker.

Yuriy Yashchenko

Coal Industry Minister

A reliable proUAsource from Coal Industry Ministry believes that Yashchenko has been appointed with one mission to implement a program of the Party of Regions on the privatization of the coal industry with subsequent elimination of the ministry. He was born in Makeyevka, Donetsk oblast. In the 1980´s he worked at the Donetsk Regional Committee of the Communist Party. After the collapse of the Soviet Union headed Lada Holding, a motor trade. Later he worked as Deputy Governor of Yanukovych. Since 1999, he held various positions in the coal industry, including Deputy Coal Industry Minister in 2000 and 2008. The peak of Yashchenko career so far was in the Yanukovych second Cabinet, when he headed the state concern Vuhillya Ukrainy (Coal of Ukraine) under the coal minister Serhiy Tulub, an Akhmetov´s partner.

During this period he managed to defend the thesis for Doctoral degree on The transformation of the economic mechanism to a market type (based on Ukrainian fuel and energy sector) and become a founder of a state enterprise NIPK (National Institute of Innovative Energy Technologies and Energy

Anatoliy

PH: PHL

Tolstoukhov

Minister of the Cabinet of Ministers

Tolstoukhovs career began in the times of Kuchma and Valery Pustovoitenko. Lately he was noticed as one of the most ardent supporters for Yanukovych. During the Orange Revolution he was the only minister remaining in the blocked Cabinet. At that time he had the same office he has nowadays. He was repeatedly appointed to the job in 2006 during Yanukovychs premiership.

Tolstoukhov is an active politician. He and Semynozhenko have created Nova Ukraine union. Tolstoukhov is a PhD in philosophy, editor`in`chief in Filosofska Dumka and Praktychna Filosofia journals.

Last year Tolstoukhov made a scandalous statement suggesting to acknowledge the Republic of Abkhazia and the Republic of South Ossetia: I think after the presidential election Ukraine will express its substantial point of view as to acknowledgement of independence of those countries.

Political experts argued whether it was a personal point for view or Yanukovych himself asked Tolstoukhov to make such statement.

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